The European Ariane-5 rocket's final launch has been completed

The European Ariane-5 rocket's final launch has been completed

Updated on July 07, 2023 11:04 AM by Andrew Koschiev

The vehicle, which supported the continent's access to space for nearly three decades, took up two telecoms satellites at the end of its career. As a result of only two complete failures in 117 attempts, it was generally thought to be a very successful launcher. However, Europe is left in a difficult situation following the Ariane-5's retirement because a replacement has yet to be. 

The cutting-edge rocket, known as the Ariane-6, is currently undergoing a change of events and a stage of testing, and it may be released in the coming year. To exacerbate the situation, Europe no longer approaches Russian Soyuz rockets, and its more modest vehicle, the Vega-C, must be postponed following an occurrence in December.

The service used by Americans

(Image Credits: Shanghai Daily)

American services have been used by European satellites instead. On Saturday, a SpaceX Falcon-9 launched the Euclid space telescope, which cost €1.4 billion (£1.2 billion). The European Space Agency's director general, Josef Aschbacher, recently stated that the lack of domestic rockets has placed "Europe in an acute launcher crisis."

Not surprisingly, Wednesday's last mission was directed from the Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. The two "travelers" installed were a French guard satellite, Syracuse 4B, and a German exhibition rocket, Heinrich Hertz.

Add Block

The production cost of the Ariane

The infusion into space was so exact that the observatory didn't need to utilize any of its fuel to address the direction, successfully multiplying an extended functional lifetime from 10 to 20 years. The cost of producing the Ariane-5 became unsustainable in light of competition from the United States, prompting the commissioning of a brand-new heavy-lift rocket from Europe.

With its reusable Falcons, SpaceX, led by entrepreneur Elon Musk, has disrupted the launch market and lowered Ariane's price point. Although the Ariane-6 is intended to be at least 40 percent less expensive than the Ariane-5, it is still considered an "expendable" design: Every mission requires a brand-new rocket.

Introduction of the vehicle

Reusability is becoming more of a trend in Europe, but the necessary technologies will be used in the 2030s. In the interim, Mr. Musk is introducing larger rockets to reduce launch costs. Heinrich Hertz and Syracuse 4B were released onto a path to a geostationary orbit approximately 30 minutes after leaving the ground on Wednesday's final Ariane-5 flight.

Over 230 satellites, or nearly 1,000 tons of hardware, have been lifted into orbit by Ariane-5, which will retire. The rocket was considered during the 1980s as an approach to sending off a space explorer transport called Hermes. The vehicle was introduced into service in 1996 solely for lofting satellites after that plan was shelved due to financial constraints.

Also Read: Chinese booster rocket is expected to fall on Earth early next week!

Also Read: Live updates of Ukraine! Russia drops out of International Space station, No complaints of Griner, crime trials of Ukraine!

Also Read: Farewell, Ariane 5! Europe's workhorse rocket launches 2 satellites on final mission (video)

What's New : Science